scholasticism

   The theology 'of the schools', scholasticism developed with the rise of medieval universities (c. twelfth century) and is typified by its rigorous argumentation centred in the disputation, a form of argument that would set out the alternative viewpoint and then systematically argue against it. Materially, scholasticism is characterised by the synthesis of Greek (especially Aristotelian) philosophy with Christian theology, paradigmatically modelled in the work of Thomas Aquinas. Later scholastics, including John Duns Scotus and William of Ockham, raised trenchant criticisms against Aquinas and Aristotle. While the scholastic method was heavily critiqued by Protestant reformers such as Martin Luther, the intellectual maturation of Protestant theology brought its own scholasticism by the 1600s, which was eventually to fall under the same criticisms as its medieval counterpart.
   Further reading: Aquinas 1963-80, 1993a and 1993b; Kenny, Kretzmann, Pinborg and Stump 1982; Pieper 2001

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Scholasticism — • A term used to designate both a method and a system. It is applied to theology as well as to philosophy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Scholasticism     Scholasticism    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Scholasticism — was the dominant form of theology and philosophy in the Latin West in the Middle Ages, particularly in the 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries. It was both a method and a system which aimed to reconcile the Christian theology of the Church Fathers… …   Wikipedia

  • Scholasticism — Scho*las ti*cism, n. The method or subtilties of the schools of philosophy; scholastic formality; scholastic doctrines or philosophy. [1913 Webster] The spirit of the old scholasticism . . . spurned laborious investigation and slow induction. J.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scholasticism — (n.) mid 18c., from SCHOLASTIC (Cf. scholastic) + ISM (Cf. ism) …   Etymology dictionary

  • scholasticism — ► NOUN ▪ the system of theology and philosophy taught in medieval European universities, based on Aristotelian logic and the writings of the early Christian Fathers …   English terms dictionary

  • scholasticism — [skə las′tə siz΄əm] n. 1. [often S ] the system of logic, philosophy, and theology of medieval university scholars, or schoolmen, from the 10th to the 15th century, based upon Aristotelian logic, the writings of the early Christian fathers, and… …   English World dictionary

  • scholasticism — /skeuh las teuh siz euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) the system of theological and philosophical teaching predominant in the Middle Ages, based chiefly upon the authority of the church fathers and of Aristotle and his commentators. 2. narrow… …   Universalium

  • Scholasticism —    Term used as a generic label for the various forms of philosophy and theology developed in western European univer sities from the late 11th or early 12th century. All of these scholas tic systems of thought were broadly Aristotelian. They… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Scholasticism — school of philosophy taught by the academics (or schoolmen) of medieval universities circa 1100–1500. Scholasticism attempted to reconcile the philosophy of the ancient classical philosophers with medieval Christian theology. The primary purpose… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • scholasticism — noun Date: circa 1782 1. capitalized a. a philosophical movement dominant in western Christian civilization from the 9th until the 17th century and combining religious dogma with the mystical and intuitional tradition of patristic philosophy… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.